Legitimate governance

Our conception of governance refutes the exclusive nature of the uniform and universal recipes resulting from the concept of good governance and that every State must apply as a « kit » founding its legality; rather, governance is the art of governing by articulating the management of public affairs at different scales of territories, from local to global, the art of regulating relations within each society.

Rather than good governance, we prefer legitimate governance in the sense that the management of public affairs and the exercise of powers must be at the service of the common good with the support and under the control of those over whom these powers are exercised.

Unlike current approaches, the definition of instruments for measuring and monitoring governance cannot replace the prior identification of the changes desired by the protagonists.

The new perspective of legitimate governance

The current debate on governance reflects a legitimate concern, especially on the part of States and their partners, to establish and promote rules of public management that are both effective and concerned about the appropriate use of the resources committed, measured by indicators of good practice.

This debate, which is very timely today in Africa, reflects a legitimate concern to manage increasingly scarce national and international resources « in a prudent manner ». But the debate must be put back to square one; the definition of measurement and monitoring instruments cannot replace the prior identification of the changes desired by the protagonists.

Once the challenges of changing attitudes and practices are identified and validated with stakeholders, it is possible to define strategies and modalities to address them. It then becomes crucial to identify indicators or markers of progress towards the desired changes, and thus to evaluate the relevance and effectiveness of the strategies deployed to this end.

A new governance in Africa will therefore emerge from a process of collective construction of a system of values, structures and ways of doing things, which will find its legitimacy in its ability to reconcile the unity necessary for any human community with the diversity of an increasingly complex world. The question of legitimacy is therefore central to the debate on the definition of principles and new modalities for the management of public space ; hence the concept of legitimate governance.

The approach to legitimate governance is also based on a triple necessity:

Finally, the « ways of doing » of legitimate governance must be:

The actors of legitimate governance must be in solidarity, put themselves in the position of fully assuming their responsibilities and finally have control, thus not undergoing the changes that the evolution of their societies and the world requires.

Legitimate governance
Re-founding the living together and the State
To build Peace and Security
Promoting the Territories and Development

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